1. Lighting Design Approach
- The lighting must be developed as part of a holistic approach to the design of the patient’s room. The lighting design strategy, hardware, and controls must work with all of the other systems to optimize the level of care and the comfort of the patient.
- Developing this lighting design approach becomes akin to building a kit of parts which can be developed across a hospital or healthcare facility as a whole, thereby reducing maintenance needs and providing a consistent light quality.
2. Lighting Response to Specific Types of Patient Rooms
- Typical Patient Room
- Indirect ambient lighting with low glare light fixtures.
- Focused reading lights located behind the patient’s head.
- Low illuminance nightlight to illuminate path to bathroom.
- Low illumination observation lighting to be provided on either side of the patient bed where electronic recorded keeping takes place.
- Wet rated, non-conductive, vandal resistant shower lighting to be provided
- Examination Rooms
- Lighting must be provided with a level of redundancy in case of problems or emergency.
- Fully adjustable recessed lighting should be provided to be able to examine a full range of patient needs. Fully recessed wipe-down lights are recommended for reducing the spread of bacteria and germs.
- Provide recessed down-lighting:
- Prevents the light source being seen from normal lines of sight (cutoff angle between 40° and 50° from horizontal).
- Greatly reduces the possibility of hazards.
- Makes maintenance and cleaning of fixture easier.
- Has a high value because it provides high efficiency at a lower cost.
- Clean Rooms
- Surfaces of light fixtures should be fully recessed with minimal protrusion into room.
- Light fixtures must be provided with anti microbial finishes.
- Lighting fixtures must be rated for a clean room environment.
1. RP-29-06. Lighting for Hospitals and Healthcare Facilities (ANSI Approved)